Nowadays vineyard soil is subject to an increasing organic matter erosion in relation to the transition to intensive farming systems which generates a reduction of row spacing and a fast evolution of vineyard mechanization. The importance of organic matter content in the soil is already known since a long time; however, it has recently been mostly enhanced in relation to the progress of knowledge linked to the soil study. In particular, the positive function of the organic matter on soil is related to:
a: general improvement of the conditions of fertility, since the organic matter represents a source of stable nitrogen which constitutes a pool of elements for the vine;
b: positive effect on soil structure, water retention and availability of nutrients;
c: an improvement of the structure and the chemical, physical and biological properties of soil.
LIFE VITISOM aims to introduce an innovative system to manage organic fertilisation of vineyard that allow to contrast both organic matter decline and to improve vineyard soils homogenization. Specifically the promotion of the rational use of organic fertilizers allows both to preserve and restore organic matter in vineyard soils, according to the EU Organic and Integrated protocol.